The Suffolk Regiment

Raised by Henry Howard, 7th Duke of Norfolk.

The Suffolk Regiment was amongst the eight new Regiments, numbered 8 to 16, raised in order to quell the Monmouth rising.

Service in Ireland, including the Battle of the Boyne.
The Battle of the Boyne was the first occasion on which The Suffolk Regiment served together with The Royal Norfolk Regiment.

Service in the Low Countries.

Served in the West Indies, the Low Countries, Spain and Minorca.
In 1714 Colonel Livesay’s Regiment officially designated “12th of Foot”

The Colonel, Scipio Duroure, introduced his crest and family motto “Stabilus” (steady). The motto was adopted for the Regimental Colour.

The regiment embarked for Flanders and on into Germany. The Regiment fought in the centre of the front line at the victorious Battle of Dettingen, the earliest Battle Honour and famous as the last time that a British Monarch (King George II) led his troops into battle.
The Regiment commemorated this by wearing laurel leaves, and later roses, when the Sovereign was present and on the Sovereign’s Birthday.

The Regiment suffered heavy casualties at the Battle of Fontenoy.

After service in England, Holland and Minorca The Regiment moved once again to Germany and took part in the Seven Years War.
The Regiment participated in the victorious Battle of Minden, which is still commemorated by the wearing of roses on 1st August, the anniversary of the battle.

Embarked for Gibraltar. The Regiment was part of the Garrison during the great siege 1779 to 1782, under command of Lieutenant Colonel William Picton,
Picton’s nephew, Thomas, became the Peninsular general and Knight of the Bath who died at Waterloo.

Styled the 12th (East Suffolk) Regiment.

Arrived for service in India.

The Battle of Seringapatam.
The Light Company of the 12th killed the Sultan Tippoo, “The Tiger of Mysore”. The Officers’ Mess has his powder flask as a souvenir of this action.

Quilon expenditure.

Capture of Mauritius.
The Regiment served on the Island as the garrison until 1817 and therefore missed the Waterloo campaign.
A second Battalion was formed in 1812 but only served in Ireland.

A reserve Battalion was posted to South Africa for service in the Kaffir War.

Wreck of the Troopship Birkenhead.
Nearly all of a 55 man draft of soldiers from the 12th (East Suffolk) Regiment perished.

The 1st Battalion saw service in Australia dealing with troubles in the goldfields.

A Battalion took part in the Maori War in New Zealand.

The 1st Battalion fought in Afghanistan during The 3rd Afghan War.
In 1881 The Regiment became The Suffolk Regiment.

The 1st Battalion saw service in the Boer War. Colesburg Kop renamed “Suffolk Hill”.

The Great War. The Regiment raised 11 fighting Battalions. They served as follows:
1st Battalion – Khartoum, France, Macedonia
2nd Battalion – France
3rd Battalion – Training Battalion
4th Battalion – France
5th (Service) Battalion – Gallipoli and Palestine
6th (Cyclist) Battalion – France
7th (Service) Battalion – France
8th Battalion – France
9th Battalion – France
11th (Ex-Cambridgeshire Service) Battalion – France 1916
12th Battalion – France
15th (Ex-Suffolk Yeomanry) Battalion – Gallipoli, Palestine and France

The 2nd Battalion saw active service on the Indian Northwest Frontier.

The Second World War. The Regiment raised 5 fighting Battalions (not counting the Home Guard Battalions). They served as follows:
1st Battalion – France and Belgium 1939 to 1940, Dunkirk 1940, England and Germany 1944 to 1945, Normandy Landing and Germany. (1st Battalion, together with the 1st Battalion of the Royal Norfolk Regiment, took part in the D-day landings as units of the 3rd Division.)
2nd Battalion – India 1939 to 1943, Burma 1944, Arakan, Imphal and Kohima.
4th Battalion (Territorial) captured at Singapore 1942 and worked on the Burma-Siam Railway, together with the 1st and 2nd Battalions the Cambridgeshire Regiment.
5th Battalion (Territorial) Captured at Singapore 1942 and worked on the Burma-Siam Railway, together with the 1st and 2nd Battalions the Cambridgeshire Regiment.
7th Battalion – Became 142nd Regiment Royal Armoured Corps in 1943 and served in North Africa and Italy 1944

The 1st Battalion saw service in Palestine.

The 2nd Battalion amalgamated with the 1st Battalion.

The 1st Battalion was in operations against the Chinese Communist insurgency in Malaya, where they accounted for more Communist Terrorists than any other Battalion.

The 1st Battalion saw service in Trieste.

The 1st Battalion saw service in Wuppertal and the British Occupation Army became the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR).
During this period the Battalion received new Colours.

The 1st Battalion was in action on the island of Cyprus where they successfully ambushed Markos Drakos, a legendary EOKA leader.
As a result of defence cuts implemented in the late 1950s, the 1st Battalion, The Royal Norfolk Regiment and the 1st Battalion, The Suffolk Regiment were to be amalgamated in August 1959 to form the 1st East Anglian Regiment (Royal Norfolk and Suffolk), one of the new concept ‘large’ Regiments.
On the formation of the East Anglian Brigade the Suffolk Regiment were stationed in Nicosia. The new cap badge of the East Anglian Brigade was taken in to use on the 1st November 1958 after a Drumhead Service and a Beating retreat the previous evening. The Battalion then returned to Southampton aboard HMT Dilwara and thus brought to an end the last overseas tour by the Suffolk Regiment.
The Battalion moved to Shornecliff and spent their last Minden Day in Sir John Moore Barracks prior to moving to Germany for the amalgamation.

The inauguration parade was held in Iserlohn on the 19th September 1959. The colours of both the Royal Norfolk Regiment and the Suffolk Regiment were on parade. The new Commanding Officer, Lt Col CR Murray Brown DSO joined the parade and the Battalion marched off as the fully amalgamated 1st Bn The East Anglian Regiment.

Each Company of the 1st Battalion, The Royal Anglian Regiment was affiliated with an association and its respective county in East Anglia.
B Company now has links with The Suffolk Regiment.

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