THE ROYAL NORFOLK REGIMENT
Raised by King James II and named Colonel Henry Cornwall’s Regiment of Foot.
The Royal Norfolk regiment was among the eight new Regiments numbered 8 to 16, raised in order to quell the Monmouth rising.
The Irish campaigns – Battle of the Boyne, Sieges of Limerick and Athlone, battle of Aughrim.
The Battle of the Boyne was the first occasion on which this Regiment served together with the Suffolk Regiment.
Service at Brest, in the Mediterranean and Flanders.
Active service in The War of the Spanish Succession through Portugal and Spain, ending with the battle of Almanza 25th April 1707.
It is believed that Queen Anne awarded the Regiment the badge of Britannia in honour of their conduct at Almanza.
Service at home, Minorca and Gibraltar. This was the longest period of peacetime in the Regiment’s history and lasted until the expedition to Belle Isle in 1761.
The siege of Havana 1762, Florida, and home service.
The American War of Independence in North America.
At Saratoga the Commanding Officer saved the Colours by ripping them off the pikes and concealing them in his baggage. On return to England in 1781 he presented them to the King.
Styled the 9th (East Norfolk) Regiment.
Service in the West Indies.
The expeditions to North Holland and Bremen.
Service in England and Portugal – the first Peninsula campaign – Rolica and Vimeiro.
The Corunna and Waicheren campaigns.
At Corunna, Sir John Moore was buried by Officers and men of the 9th (East Norfolk) Regiment, who formed the rearguard covering the embarkation. The 9th was the very last Regiment to leave.
The Peninsula Campaign – Busaco, Torres Vedras, Gibraltar, Barrora, Badajoz, Salamanca, Madrid, Burgos, Vittoria, St. Sebastion.
The Nive, Bayonne, Canada, the West Indies.
India – the first Kabul campaign.
India – the first Sikh War – Ferozeshah 1845 and Sobraon and Moodke 1848.
Further service in England, Ireland and Malta.
The Crimean War.
Ionian Islands – Japan – Second Afghan War.
The Regiment became the Norfolk Regiment.
Burma – India – South Africa.
South African War.
The 2nd Battalion were at the Modder River, Paardeberg, Vanderberg Drift, Bloem – Fontein, Pretoria.
The Great War. The Regiment raised 8 fighting Battalions. They served as follows:
1st Battalion – France
2nd Battalion – Mesopotamia
1/4th Battalion – Dardanelles and Palestine
1/5th Battalion – Dardanelles and Palestine
7th Battalion – France
8th (Service) Battalion – France
9th Battalion – France
12th Battalion – Dardanelles, Palestine and Belgium
Service in Ireland, India, Mesopotamia and Aden, West Indies, Eygpt, Shanghai.
In 1935 the Regiment became the Royal Norfolk Regiment.
The Second World War. The Regiment raised 8 fighting Battalions (not counting the 17 Home Guard Battalions). They served as follows:
1st Battalion – India 1939, England 1940 to 1944, Normandy landing and Germany 1944 to 1945. (The 1st Battalion together with the 1st Battalion of the Suffolk Regiment, took part in the D – Day landings as units of the 3rd Division.)
2nd Battalion – Belgium and France 1939 to 1940, Le Paradis, Indi 1942, Burma 1944 to 1945 (Kohima).
4th Battalion (Territorial) – Captured at Singapore 1942 and worked on the Burma – Siam Railway.
5th Battalion – Captured at Singapore 1942 and worked on the Burma – Siam Railway.
6th Battalion (Territorial) – Captured at Singapore 1942 and worked on the Burma – Siam Railway.
7th Battalion (Territorial) – France 1940, Rearguard for 51st Division at St.Valery, Normandy and Germany 1944 to 1945.
** Officers and men of the Regiment won five Victoria Crosses during the war; more than any other Regiment in the British or Commonwealth Armies.
The 1st Battalion saw service in Berlin during the airlift.
Disbandment of the 2nd Battalion.
Active Service in Korea. (The latest Battle Honour.)
Service in Hong Kong.
Service in Germany (BAOR) as part of 5th Infantry brigade of the 4th Division.
As a result of defence cuts implemented in the late 1950s, the 1st Battalion, The Royal Norfolk Regiment and the 1st Battalion, The Suffolk Regiment were to be amalgamated in August 1959 to form the 1st East Anglian Regiment (Royal Norfolk and Suffolk), one of the new concept ‘Large Regiments’. The Suffolk Regiment moved to Sir John Moore Barracks in Shornecliff prior to joining with the Royal Norfolks in Iserlohn.
The inauguration parade was held in Iserlohn on the 19th September 1959. The colours of both the Royal Norfolk Regiment and the Suffolk Regiment were on parade. The new Commanding Officer, Lt Col CR Murray Brown DSO, joined the parade and the Battalion marched off as the fully amalgamated 1st Battalion The East Anglian Regiment.
Each Company of the 1st Battalion, The Royal Anglian Regiment was affiliated with an association and its respective county in East Anglia.
A Company now has links with The Norfolk Regiment.